Who Discovered Allergies?

by | Oct 12, 2023 | Blog

  Allergies, those puzzling reactions of our immune system to seemingly harmless substances, are not a recent discovery. While our ancestors may not have had the scientific understanding we do today, they certainly experienced the sneezes, itchy eyes, and rashes that are telltale signs of allergies.

In 1859, a momentous sneeze by Charles Harrison Blackley, a doctor in Manchester, England, set in motion a quest to uncover the mysteries behind what were then called “summer colds.” These seasonal discomforts manifested as sneezing fits, watery eyes, and relentless runny noses.

Back in those days, theories about the cause of such maladies abounded. Some blamed heat, while others pointed fingers at ozone. However, Blackley had an epiphany: it wasn’t heat or ozone making him sneeze, but pollen. He embarked on a journey to prove his theory, often using himself as the subject in daring self-experiments.

This marked the early days of allergy research. But even as the 19th century brought scientific progress in various fields, understanding allergies was slower to develop. It wasn’t until later that we would fully grasp the intricate mechanisms behind these reactions.

The 20th Century: A Turning Point

As the 20th century dawned, a new era of allergy understanding emerged. In 1905, Austrian pediatrician Clemens von Pirquet made a groundbreaking observation. He noticed that patients who received a second dose of a smallpox vaccine, derived from horse serum, experienced severe reactions. Pirquet deduced that the immune system was producing antibodies against antigens, the foreign substances present in the serum. He coined a term for this interaction: allergy.

Over the next few years, scientists connected the dots between this hypersensitive immune response, hay fever, asthma, skin conditions, and the potentially fatal anaphylaxis. Histamine, a chemical produced by the body during allergic reactions, entered the spotlight.

The interest in allergies soared, leading to the establishment of allergy clinics across Europe and America. Immunotherapy, a treatment involving gradual exposure to antigens, was born. Post-World War II, the term “allergy” expanded to encompass reactions to synthetic chemicals and common foods, although the latter was initially met with skepticism.

The Age of Mast Cells and Immunoglobulin E (IgE)

In the early 1950s, the discovery of mast cells took our understanding of allergies a step further. These cells, packed with chemicals like histamine, are strategically positioned in sensitive areas of the body, including the skin, blood vessels, and respiratory system. It’s the release of these chemicals that triggers allergic symptoms.

Then, in 1967, researchers identified immunoglobulin E (IgE), the antibody predominantly responsible for allergic reactions. Sensitization, a process where the body produces specific IgE antibodies in response to antigens like peanuts, was elucidated. Those prone to allergies produce excessive IgE, which lies dormant until it detects the allergen, setting off the mast cells to release their symptomatic chemicals.

Subsequent discoveries followed, from blood tests for IgE levels to the EpiPen for anaphylactic shock. In 1982, the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology was awarded for groundbreaking work on leukotrienes, compounds responsible for asthma and inflammatory responses to antigens.

Modern Allergies: Prevalent and Costly

Today, allergies rank as the sixth leading cause of chronic illness in the United States, incurring an annual cost of approximately $18 billion. Research into immunotherapy and symptom management continues, but a definitive cure for allergies remains elusive.

As we reflect on this journey through the history of allergies, it’s clear that while our understanding has evolved significantly, allergies themselves remain as enigmatic as ever. In this ongoing quest for solutions, many individuals have explored natural supplements like Morning Miracle, known for its immune-boosting properties and potential to provide relief from allergy-related symptoms.

With natural ingredients like vitamin C, citric acid, apple cider vinegar, purple butterbur root, trace minerals, and stevia, Morning Miracle offers a holistic approach to well-being. While scientific research on its specific benefits for allergies continues, it’s important to consult with a healthcare professional before incorporating any supplement into your routine, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.

As we continue to unlock the secrets of allergies, the journey is far from over. Yet, the progress made thus far allows us to face these age-old adversaries with more knowledge and hope for relief on the horizon.


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